Governance

The government of Lesotho has made significant progress in increasing access to education, particularly at the basic-education level. In 2009, the primary net enrolment rate was already 80.9 percent, while the literacy rate among people under the age of 25 was close to 100 percent. Despite this, the government of Lesotho is concerned about the quality of the education delivered.

In August 2012, mineworkers in one of South Africa’s biggest platinum mines began a wildcat strike for better wages. Six days later the police used live ammunition to brutally suppress the strike, killing 34 and injuring many more. Using the point of view of the Marikana miners, Miners Shot Down follows the strike from day one, showing the courageous but isolated fight waged by a group of low-paid workers against the combined forces of the mining company Lonmin, the ANC government and their allies in the National Union of Mineworkers.

There are two economic realities on the African continent today. You will find the first one in World Bank, IMF and Africa Development Bank reports – and in articles across the globe about ‘Africa Rising’. This reality depicts Africa as a continent that is forging ahead – onwards and upwards. And some of the world’s best performing economies are indeed in Africa, such as Angola and Mozambique, which are growing at an extractive-powered rate of knots.

African Charter will finally come into force

In another huge blow to the credibility of Malawian President Bingu wa Mutharika and his government, the US has suspended a massive aid package, which would have ploughed US$350 million into the country's barely-existent power sector. It is also a devastating blow to the millions of Malawians who would have benefitted from the extra electricity - and a potentially fatal blow to hopes of sustainable growth and development.

Time, it appears, may both heal wounds and erase memory. An example is the argument made by Tony Leon, the former leader of South Africa’s Democratic Alliance, that despite the brutality of its system, the apartheid political elite practised greater internal accountability than we see today.

Is Isabel dos Santos Africa's first female billionaire?

Revenue Watch Resource Governance Index 2013 highlights weaknesses in natural resouce governance across southern Africa with none of the region's countries earning a 'satisfactory' rating and five of them earning either a 'weak' or 'failing' rating. 

Today’s governments are challenged with creating new approaches to governance that enable them to better exploit the developmental potential provided by mineral resources. Establishing regulatory frameworks and state capacity to ensure that activities and mining companies are compatible with efforts to promote inclusive and sustainable development are central to this challenge.

SARW’s mission is to ensure natural resource extraction contributes to sustainable development; that is, a development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

SARW related objectives are firstly, to monitor corporate and state conduct in the extraction, and beneficiation, of natural resources in southern Africa, in particular assessing to what extent these efforts contribute to sustainable development.

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