Botswana is experiencing one of the most severe HIV/AIDS pandemics in the world. In 2009, it was estimated that one quarter of the population was living with HIV. Research suggests that sex workers play a critical role in reducing the spread of the pandemic.
However, sex workers remain criminalised in Botswana, which results in stigma, and discrimination against them at the hands of health service providers. An additional problem is the police harassment that prevents sex workers from consistently accessing prevention and health care, ultimately fuelling HIV transmission.