New reports recommend best way for forward

For the Angolan authorities, the very thought of an Angola without President José Eduardo dos Santos at its helm, let alone any protest against his rule, continues to be a matter of crime and punishment.

The political elite have captured states and use their killing machinery to silence the people. Corruption, 3rd-termism, fraudulent elections, education, health and economic challenges are rising on the continent. 

There are 400,000 out of school youth in Zambia, with most of these children falling into the category of orphans and vulnerable children, along with child labourers, rural girls or pregnant girls, and children with special educational needs. If Zambia is to attain Education for All (EFA) by 2015, effort needs to be doubled to promote access to vulnerable and marginalized children. This calls for a special advocacy campaign capable of reaching children from the above hard to reach categories.

Basic Education in Malawi places emphasis on free basic education, but struggles to maintain a focus on other important factors of education, especially that of out-of-school youth education and special needs education. There is currently a programme for out-of-school youth, but it is a relatively new programme, and suffers from a lack of relevant curriculum for out-of-school youth, weak linkages among youth service providers/policy makers and poor access for most youth.

It is increasingly recognized that young people are central to issues of crime and violence, in particular. Research shows that young people suffer much higher levels of victimization than adults. They are also often the perpetrators of violence against other youth and the population as whole. The issue of violence against and by youth is receiving growing attention in the media, and it is increasingly acknowledged that there will be a grave cost to country governments and to society if youth issues are not addressed.

The combination of a youth bulge and failures in education represent a serious threat to the future development of many African countries. Education systems are simply not providing the youth with the skills they need to escape poverty – worse still, many are left out of the system altogether. And the situation in countries affected by conflict is even worse.

The video offers insight into the issues faced by the San in Botswana and introduces the Khwedom Council.

Leymar is a refugee from the Democratic Republic of Congo living in South Africa. Like many other refugee children, Leymar – which is not his real name – does not go to school. He does not have the necessary papers to register at the local school and language is another barrier. His dream of a quality education may never be realised – and there are many children like him.

“From time immemorial, the middle class has used the lower class to usurp the upper class and immediately that is achieved, the lower classes have been pushed back to their place of servitude” – a very loose paraphrase of George Orwell in his book 1984. But it’s the first thought that came to my mind when I heard newly elected president Michael Sata announce his cabinet.

This was his fourth attempt at the presidency – and aged 74 surely his last. In 2016, he would be too old to run again.

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