One of the contentious issues that arises in debates about universal jurisdiction is whether international law allows for what has been called “universal jurisdiction in absentia”. The question is whether a State may initiate criminal proceedings, for international crimes, against persons who are not present within the territory of the prosecuting State.

Two decisions in different parts of Zimbabwe have illustrated yet again that - almost three years after the inauguration of the Inclusive Government - it is the oppressive, anti-democratic forces behind President Mugabe who still hold the upper hand.

Civil society plays an important role in the social and political development of Zimbabwe; over 700 civil society organisations (CSOs) currently exist in that country.

However, monitoring and research in Zimbabwe is important to make clear who benefits from state and corporate services, and to what extent these benefits are sustainable. The current situation in Zimbabwe provides an opportunity for CSOs to strengthen their representation of communities in shaping health policies.

China is the prime consumer of several resources which Zimbabwe has in abundance, and investment trends in 2009 and 2010 show the high Chinese appetite for local mineral resources. China is ranked fourth in terms of the size of mining investment approved by the Zimbabwe Investment Authority (ZIA) in 2009, after British Virgin Islands (BVI), Mauritius, and South Africa.

The actual level of HIV/AIDS spending in Zimbabwe is currently unknown, making it difficult to ascertain whether there is a gap in resources relative to need, or whether specific activities are being under or over funded.

Given this, how do communities benefit from the different sources of funding? One objective of the HIV programme is to enhance civil society participation in monitoring state expenditure to ensure people living with, and affected by, HIV/AIDS access appropriate health care services.

Hearing will resume after short postponement

Education Coalition of Zimbabwe is a network of civic society organisations working within education sector in Zimbabwe working on advocacy for attainment of EFA goals. The coalition came up with a 2011-2015 Strategic Plan in 2010 as a way of to respond to educational needs in Zimbabwean context. Some of the strategic thrusts include monitoring educational policy formulation and implementation and education financing.

Verdict is fatal blow to rule of law

Magistrate in Zimbabwe hands down 'lenient' sentence

Since 2005, Zimbabwe has had a continual decline in the number of children attending both primary and secondary school. Despite various projects to curb this turn of events, these efforts have been limited, resulting in many vulnerable and marginalized children failing to enlist on the various programmes in place to assist them. The goal of the project and World Education Zimbabwe is to improve access to alternative education for children and youth who have dropped out of the formal education system.

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